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Information Ahemdabad
Archaeological evidence suggests that the area around Ahmedabad has been inhabited since the 11th century, when it was known as Ashapalli or Ashaval. At that time, Karandev I, the Solanki ruler of Anhilwara (modern Patan), waged a successful war against the Bhil king of Ashaval. Soon after the victory, he established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati at the site of modern Ahmedabad. Solanki rule lasted until the 13th century, when Gujarat came under the control of the Vaghela dynasty of Dholka and Ahmedabad was conquered by the Sultanate of Delhi.

In 1411, the rule of the Muzaffarid dynasty was established in Gujarat. According to tradition, Sultan Ahmed Shah, while camping on the banks of the River Sabarmati, saw a hare chasing a dog. Impressed by this act of bravery, the Sultan, who had been looking for a place to build his new capital, decided to locate the capital here and called it Ahmedabad. The Indian independence movement developed strong roots in the city when, in 1915, Mahatma Gandhi established two ashrams — the Kochrab Ashram near Paldi in 1915 and the Satyagraha Ashram on the banks of the Sabarmati in 1917 — that would become centres of intense nationalist activities. In 1930, Gandhi initiated the Salt Satyagraha from Ahmedabad by embarking from his ashram on the famous Dandi Salt March. Ahmedabad enjoys a thriving cultural tradition, being the centre of Gujarati cultural activities and diverse traditions of different ethnic and religious communities. Popular celebrations and observances include Uttarayan — an annual kite-flying day on 14 January. The nine nights of Navratri are celebrated with people performing Garba — the folk dance of Gujarat — at venues across the city. The festival of lights — Deepavali is celebrated with the lighting of lamps in every house, the decorating the floors with the rangoli and the bursting of firecrackers. Other festivals such as Holi, Eid ul-Fitr and Christmas are celebrated with enthusiasm. The annual Rath Yatra procession on the Ashadh-sud-bij date of the Hindu calendar and the procession of Tajia during the Muslim holy month of Muharram are integral parts of the city’s culture.

The people of Ahmedabad enjoy rich culinary traditions. The most popular form of meal — a typical Gujarati thali (meal) — consists of rotli, dal, rice and Shaak (cooked vegetables, sometimes with curry), with accompaniments of pickles and roasted papads. Popular beverages include buttermilk and tea; sweet dishes include laddoos and mango. There are many restaurants, which serve a wide array of Indian and international cuisines. Most of the food outlets serve only vegetarian food, as a strong tradition of vegetarianism is maintained by the city’s Jain and Hindu communities. The first all-vegetarian Pizza Hut in the world opened in Ahmedabad. Parts of Ahmedabad are known for their speciality of folk art. The Paldi area is famous for shops selling works of embroidery from the Kutch and Saurashtra regions. The artisans of Rangeela pol are famous for making bandhinis (tie and dye work), while the cobbler shops of Madhupura sell traditional mojri footwear. High-quality idols of Ganesha and other religious icons are made in huge numbers in the Gulbai Tekra area. The shops at the Law Garden are famous for their mirror work handicraft. Victorian architecture is showcased in most college, railway station and government buildings, mainly constructed during the colonial period.

Transport
Ahmedabad is one of the six operating divisions of the Western Railway. Railway lines connect the city to all towns in Gujarat, and to major cities in the rest of India. The Ahmedabad Railway Station and the Maninagar Railway Station are the main terminals for the city. The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport provides for both domestic and international aviation for the city and the neighbouring cities of Gandhinagar, Mehsana and Nadiad. The airport connects the city with destinations across India and to cities in the Middle East, East Asia and destinations in Western Europe.

National Highway 8, linking Delhi to Mumbai, passes though Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad is connected to Vadodara through National Expressway 1, a 94 km (58 mi) long highway with only two exits. This expressway is part of the Golden Quadrilateral project.[27] Ahmedabad is directly connected by highways to Bhavnagar, Nadiad, Mehsana, Surendranagar, Bhuj, Rajkot and Gandhinagar.

The city’s main traffic arteries are the Mahatma Gandhi Road, C. G. Road, the Jawaharlal Nehru Road, the Ashram Road and the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar highway (S.G. Highway). Auto rickshaws and taxis are the most popular forms of public transport. The Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service (AMTS) runs the local bus service in the city. In 2005, AMTS began a drive to convert all of its petrol and diesel engine buses to run on compressed natural gas engines to reduce the effects of air pollution. AMTS runs 750 buses.[28] Bicycles and motorcycles are a popular medium of transport with the city’s young people and students. A bus rapid transport project has been launched by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. The first phase of the project is expected to be over by September 2007.

Sabarmati Gandhi Ashram
Situated along the bank of Sabarmati River,this ashram was founded by Mahatma Gandhi and has become a place of pilgrimage. It was from here that he set out for his famous Dandi March undertaken in 1930 to have the Salt Tax repealed. It served as Mahatma Gandhi’s headquarters during the struggle for Indian Independence. Gandhiji’s living quarters are preserved as a small museum with pictorial exhibits of major events in his life.

Kankaria Lake
South-east of the city, this artificial lake complete with an island summer palace, was constructed in 1451 and has 34 sides, each 60m long. Once frequented by Emperor Jehangir and Empress Noor Jahan, it is now a local picnic spot. There’s a huge zoo, a small acquarium, boat club. The entire Kankaria area with the introduction of open air theatre and children’s garden is known as ‘Balvatika’.

Bhadra Fort
The foundation of this old fort was laid in 1411 it once enclosed the royal palaces and gardens.

The Jumma Masjid
Described by some as one of the most beautiful mosque in India. This Friday or Congregational Mosque, was built by the city’s founder, Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1423. It stands on 26 pillars supporting 15 domes at varying elevations. The mosque is located in the centre of the old city.

Rani Rupmati Masjid
The Queen’s Mosque in Mirzapur, built between 1430 and 1440, is more representative of the pattern of mosque building in 15th centuary Ahmedabad. Three domes stand on twelve pillars each, with the central part so raised as to let in natural light without sunlight.

The Shaking Minarets
The Shaking Minarets of Sidi Bashir’s Mosque are unique in its own way, when one minaret is shaken the other minaret vibrates too.

Sidi Sayyad Mosque
One part of the wall in the old citadel of the mosque built by Ahmed Shah’s slave, Sidi Sayyad, is celebrated the world over for its exquisite stone window tracery - a superband peerless example of delicate carving that transforms stone into filigree.

Nal Sarovar
This delightful bird sanctuary of Gujarat nestles around the Nal Lake ? 1 Kms. from Ahmedabad. The lake extends over a vast, low-lying stretch which serves as a catchment area for the monsoon rains and provides a perfect habitat for resident birds as well as a huge number of species that migrate here starting from November to February. Winter migrants from the north include the Rosy Pelicans, the Flamingos, the White Storks, Brahminy Ducks and Herons.

Three Gates
The triple-arched gateway was built by Sultan Ahrned Shah to serve as the royal entrance to the Maidan Shah or the Royal Square.

Adalaj Step-well
It is situated 17 kms. north of. Ahmedabad. The step well at the village of Adalaj is another. fine y example of this magnificent architectural faun. Adalaj Vav is richly carved, every pillar and wall surface covered with leaves and flowers, birds and fishes and friezes of ornamental designs. .

Lothal
A find of tremendous archaeological significance. This site. 87 Kms. from Ahmedabad was discovered some 20 years ago. Lothal has proved to be a full-fledged settlement of the Harappan era dating as far back as the 2nd millennium B C .


How to get there ?
Air
International and various domestic airlines connecting Bombay, Delhi, Madras, Calcutta, Bangalore and other major centres of India.

Rail
Ahmedabad is linked by rail to Delhi, Bombay, Jaipur, Udaipur, Calcutta, Madras, other major centres of India, and several other tourist centres.

Road
State Transport buses and private luxury coaches connects various centres of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi and Rajasthan. It is 555kms from Bombay, 1076 kms from Delhi via Udaipur and Jaipur.